Kosovo’s Cryptocurrency Regulation Landscape Prior to 2024

As of the years leading up to 2024, Kosovo’s approach to cryptocurrency regulation was primarily shaped by its energy crisis and the challenges posed by the increasing popularity of cryptocurrency mining in the country.

Government Stance and Regulatory Actions

Energy Crisis and Cryptocurrency Mining Ban: In January 2022, facing the worst energy crisis in a decade, the Kosovo government introduced a ban on cryptocurrency mining. This decision aimed to curb the country’s electricity consumption. The ban was enforced by law enforcement agencies in collaboration with other relevant institutions to halt the production of cryptocurrency mining activities throughout the nation. This move was particularly significant given the rise in cryptocurrency mining in Kosovo, largely due to the previously low cost of electricity in the country​​.

Popularity of Cryptocurrency Mining Among the Youth: The appeal of cryptocurrency mining in Kosovo, especially among young people, grew due to the cheap power prices in recent years. This surge in mining activity contributed significantly to the increased electricity consumption, prompting the government to take action to mitigate the energy crisis​​.

State of Emergency and Energy Measures: To address the energy crisis, Kosovo declared a state of emergency for 60 days in December, a month prior to the mining ban. This declaration allowed the government to allocate more funds for energy imports, introduce power cuts, and implement stricter measures to manage the energy shortage. The urgency of these measures highlighted the critical situation in the country regarding energy consumption and the need to regulate activities such as cryptocurrency mining that contributed to the crisis​​.

Regional Dynamics of Cryptocurrency Mining: The prevalence of coin mining was notably high in northern Kosovo, a region mostly populated by Serbs who do not recognize the state of Kosovo and often refuse to pay for electricity. This particular regional dynamic added another layer of complexity to the issue of cryptocurrency mining and its impact on Kosovo’s energy infrastructure​​.

Energy Import Dependency: Kosovo, with a population of approximately 1.8 million, found itself importing more than 40% of its energy needs. This high dependency on energy imports, especially during the winter when electricity demand for heating surged, further emphasized the need for the government to regulate high-energy-consuming activities like cryptocurrency mining​​.


In the period leading up to 2024, Kosovo’s legislative landscape for cryptocurrencies was largely influenced by its energy crisis and the associated challenges. The government’s focus was primarily on controlling and regulating cryptocurrency mining activities to manage the country’s electricity consumption. The measures taken by Kosovo, including the ban on cryptocurrency mining and the declaration of a state of emergency, were crucial steps in responding to the immediate energy needs of the nation. These actions, while driven by the energy crisis, also reflected a broader concern regarding the unregulated growth of cryptocurrency activities and their impact on national resources.

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