Cryptocurrency Regulations in Monaco Prior to 2024

Monaco, known for its affluent economy and global finance activities, has taken a cautiously open approach to cryptocurrencies. As of the years leading up to 2024, the principality’s stance on digital assets reflected a blend of legal acceptance and regulatory anticipation.

Legal Status of Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrency Legality: Cryptocurrency use, trade, and ownership were legal in Monaco. The principality hadn’t passed any laws explicitly prohibiting cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, and others. This openness to digital currencies underscored Monaco’s progressive attitude towards emerging financial technologies​​.

Lack of Specific Cryptocurrency Regulations: Despite the legal status, Monaco had not yet established comprehensive regulations specifically for cryptocurrencies. The government, recognizing the need for such regulations, reportedly began drafting legislation to address cryptocurrency use aspects, including taxation, security, and legal protection for users​​.

Cryptocurrency Trading and Usage

Cryptocurrency Trading: Trading in cryptocurrencies was legal in Monaco. Traders were free to buy, sell, and hold digital currencies, with the government advising caution due to the market’s volatility and associated risks​​.

Popular Cryptocurrencies in Monaco: Among the most commonly used cryptocurrencies were Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin, attributed to their wide acceptance, liquidity, and market capitalization. Other popular digital currencies included Dogecoin, Tether, Cardano, USDT, XRP, and Monero​​.

Regulatory and Legal Framework

Application of Existing Financial Laws: In the absence of specific cryptocurrency laws, Monaco’s existing financial laws and regulations were applicable to all financial transactions, including those involving cryptocurrencies. This approach ensured that financial activities, even in the digital domain, adhered to the principality’s established legal framework​​.

Penalties for Cryptocurrency Violations: While there were no specific penalties outlined for cryptocurrency violations, the government made it clear that any financial activities, including those involving cryptocurrencies, which violated existing laws, would be subject to penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment​​.

Cryptocurrency Gambling: Cryptocurrency gambling remained a grey area in Monaco’s law, without specific bans or regulations. However, the government warned against potential risks like fraud and addiction associated with cryptocurrency gambling​​.

Monaco’s Blockchain Initiatives

Monaco Blockchain Conference: Monaco hosted the Monaco Blockchain Conference, bringing together global influencers, policymakers, investors, and entrepreneurs to discuss and shape the future of blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies. This event underscored Monaco’s commitment to being at the forefront of blockchain and cryptocurrency innovation​​.


While cryptocurrencies were legal in Monaco, the principality was in the process of developing a more comprehensive legal framework to regulate their use. This evolving regulatory landscape aimed to balance the principality’s openness to financial innovation with the need for legal protection, security, and the prevention of illegal activities. Monaco’s cautious yet open approach to digital assets positioned it as a potential leader in the global cryptocurrency and blockchain space.

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