Cryptocurrency Regulation in South Sudan Prior to 2024

In the period leading up to 2024, South Sudan presented a unique case in the cryptocurrency regulatory landscape, characterized by a lack of specific laws or regulations, an undefined legal status, and several associated risks and opportunities.

Absence of Specific Cryptocurrency Laws

As of the latest information available in 2022, South Sudan had not enacted any specific regulations regarding cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Dogecoin, Tether, Cardano, USDT, XRP, and Monero. This absence of defined regulations left the legal status of cryptocurrencies largely undefined in the country. However, it’s important to note that this lack of specific regulations did not imply a free-for-all environment; general laws concerning financial transactions, money laundering, and fraud were still applicable and enforceable​​​​​​.

Central Bank’s Cautious Stance

The Central Bank of South Sudan had issued warnings about the risks associated with cryptocurrencies. These warnings suggest a cautious stance towards digital currencies, reflecting concerns about their potential use for money laundering and other illegal activities. Despite these warnings, the use of cryptocurrencies was not explicitly prohibited, but users were advised to exercise caution and comply with existing financial regulations​​​​.

Challenges in the Business and Economic Environment

South Sudan’s political instability and underdeveloped infrastructure created a challenging business environment, with the status of cryptocurrency-related businesses remaining unclear. The country’s economy and infrastructure conditions suggested that the cryptocurrency market was likely minimal. Despite these challenges, cryptocurrencies were seen as having the potential to address some of the country’s economic challenges, particularly in areas like remittances and cross-border transactions​​​​​​.

Security and Taxation Concerns

The lack of clear regulations and infrastructure led to significant security concerns in South Sudan’s cryptocurrency space. Furthermore, tax regulations regarding cryptocurrency were also unclear, with advice to consult tax professionals for guidance being prevalent. This situation underscores the complex and uncertain nature of engaging in cryptocurrency activities in South Sudan​​​​.

Risks and the Need for Professional Advice

The risks associated with cryptocurrency in South Sudan included political instability, underdeveloped infrastructure, lack of clear regulations, and potential for fraud. Given the lack of clear information and the various risks involved, individuals and entities interested in engaging in cryptocurrency activities in South Sudan were advised to seek professional legal and financial advice​​​​.


In summary, the legislative landscape for cryptocurrencies in South Sudan prior to 2024 was marked by a notable absence of specific laws or regulations, a cautious approach by the central bank, and a challenging business and economic environment. The combination of these factors made it a risky environment for cryptocurrency investment and trading, necessitating a careful and well-informed approach for anyone looking to engage in such activities.

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