Cryptocurrency Regulation in Albania Prior to 2023

Albania, a country in Southeast Europe, has made significant strides in the regulation of cryptocurrencies, establishing a legal framework that positions it as a forward-thinking player in the digital currency space. Before 2023, the country’s approach to cryptocurrency regulation was marked by the introduction of comprehensive laws and planned taxation measures, reflecting a cautious yet progressive stance towards this emerging technology.

Legal Framework for Cryptocurrencies

In May 2020, Albania took a major step in cryptocurrency regulation by adopting Law No. 66/2020 titled “On Financial Markets Based on Distributed Registry Technology.” This legislation specifically regulates the licensing of entities involved in the distribution and trading of virtual currencies and digital tokens. This law marked Albania as one of the first European countries to establish such a regulatory framework, following the footsteps of Malta and France. The law was a significant development, considering the unregulated state of the cryptocurrency sector in Albania prior to this point​​​​​​.

The Law No. 66/2020 laid down rules for the operation and oversight of cryptocurrency-related activities. It aimed to provide clarity and security for both operators and investors in the digital currency market, addressing the legal ambiguities that had previously existed. This move by the Albanian Parliament indicated a recognition of the growing importance of digital assets and the need for a structured regulatory environment​​​​.

Taxation on Cryptocurrency Investments

Looking towards 2023, the Albanian authorities had planned to introduce taxation on income from investments in cryptocurrencies. This initiative indicated a move to further integrate cryptocurrency into the country’s economic and legal systems. The government prepared changes to the legislation to accommodate this new taxation regime, which was still under public discussion as of the reports leading up to 2023. This proposed tax would mark a significant step in recognizing cryptocurrencies as a legitimate and taxable asset class, aligning Albania with other countries that have started to tax digital currency gains​​.

Regulatory Developments and Oversight

In November 2021, the Albanian Financial Supervisory Authority (AFSA) approved the initial two regulations for implementing the crypto markets law. These regulations included specific restrictions for entities working with digital assets. Such regulatory steps were part of Albania’s broader policy development efforts to manage the risks associated with cryptocurrencies. This move indicated a proactive approach by the Albanian authorities in ensuring that the growth of the cryptocurrency market was accompanied by adequate oversight and consumer protection measures​​.


Prior to 2023, Albania’s legislative landscape for cryptocurrencies was characterized by significant developments. The adoption of a comprehensive legal framework and the steps towards implementing cryptocurrency taxation reflected the country’s commitment to embracing the potential of digital currencies while ensuring proper regulatory oversight. These measures positioned Albania as a noteworthy example in Europe for its approach to regulating this dynamic and evolving sector.

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